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John C. Lilly, MD.

Ruth Forbes Young

Richard Feynman




P.O. Box 2382
Mill Valley, CA 94942 USA

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Books by John C. Lilly


"The Monkey and the Dolphin.", [Aesop's Fables, 6th. Century B.C., Samos, Greece, 1 of about 200 fables]. [Fables of Aesop, by S.A. Handford, 1956].

The Works of Aristotle, translated into English under the editorship of W.D. Ross, and reprinted by arrangement with Oxford University Press, for The Great Books, Vol. 9, page 156.

Historia Animalium, by Aristotle, Books 1-9: Book 1, page 5; Book 2, pages 1, 13, and 15; Book 3, pages 1, 7, and 20; Book 4, pages 8-10; Book 5, page 12; Book 6, page 12; Book 8, pages 2 and 13; and Book 9, page 48. [Aristotle's History of Animals, in 10 books, translated by R. Creswell, 1862]. [Aristotle, b. 384 B.C., Stagirus, Greece; d. at 62 or 63 years old].

Historia Naturalis (Natural History), by Gaius Plinius Secundus "Pliny the Elder", [37 libri], Book IX, pages 8 and 24-28. [Natural History, 10 vols. ed. and translated by N. Rackham, p/b Loeb Classical Library, 1938-1963]. [Pliny, b. A.D. 23, Novum Comum (Como), northern Italy; d. A.D. 79].

On the Characteristics of Animals, by Claudius Aelian (abt. A.D. 170- 235), Roman, Book VI, page 15.

The Dolphin in the Literature and Art of Greece and Rome, by Eunice B. Stebbins, p/b Banta Publishing Co., Menasha, Winscosin, 1929.

"Porpoise - Friend of Man?", by George G. Goodwin, pub. in Natural History, 1947, Vol. 56, page 337.

Behavior of the captive bottle-nose dolphin Tursiops truncatus, by Arthur F. McBride and Donald O. Hebb, Journal of Comparative and Phys. Psych., April 1948, 41:2, pages 111-123.

"Saved by a Porpoise.", pub. in Natural History, h, 1949, Vol. 58, pages 385-386.

"The Fisherman's Porpoise", by F. Bruce Lamb, pub. in Natural History, 1954, Vol. 63, pages 231-232.

Underwater sound production and current behavior of captive porpoises, Tursiops trancatus and Stenella plagiodon, by F.G. Wood, pub. in Bulletin of Marine Science, Gulf and Caribbean, 1954, 3 (2): 120-133.

Speed-induced skin folds in the bottlenosed porpoise, Tursiops truncatus, by Frank S. Essapian, p/b Museum of Comparative Zoology, Brevoria, April 1955, page 43.

The behavior of the bottle-nose dolphin (Trusiops trancatus): Mating, pregnancy, parturition and mother-infant behavior, by Margaret C. Tavolga and Frank S. Essapian, pub. in Zoologica, May 1957, 42, Part 1.

The thalamus of the dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) and comparison with other mammals, by Lawrence Kruger, pub. in Journal of Comparative Neurology, 1959, 1111, No. 1, pages 133-194.

Dolphins: the Myth and the Mammal, by Anthony Alpers, p/b The Riverside Press, Houghton Mufflin, Cambridge, (Boston), 1961.

Porpoises and Sonar, by Winthrop N. Kellogg, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Ill., 1961.

"Sounds Emitted by the Bottlenose Dolphin.", by John C. Lilly and Alice M. Miller, pub. in SCIENCE, 1961, Vol. 133, pages 1689-1693.

"Vocal Exchanges Between Dolphins; Boittlenose Dolphins 'Talk' to Each Other with Whistles, Clicks, and a Variety of Other Noises.", by John C. Lilly and Alice M. Miller, pub. in Science, 1961, Vol. 134: pages 1873-1876.

"Problems of Physiological Research on the Dolphin, Tursiops", by John C. Lilly, 1961, (Abstract). Fed. Proc. 20:1.

"An Experimental Demonstration of Echo-Location Behavior in the Porpoise, Tursiops truncatus (Montagu)", by Kenneth S. Norris, John H. Prescott, Paul V. Asa-Dorian, and Paul Perkins, pub. by Lancaster Press, in The Biological Bulletin, April 1961, Vol. 120, pages 163- 176.

"Vocal Behavior of the Bottlenose Dolphin.", by John C. Lilly, pub. in Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 1962, Vol. 106, pages 520-529.

"Interspecies Communication", by John C. Lilly, pub. in McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology, New York, N.Y., 1962, pages 279- 281.

Man and Dolphin, by John C. Lilly, M.D., pub. by Doubleday & Company, Inc., Garden City, New York, 1961. LC-61-9528; Copyright 1961 by John C. Lilly, 312 pages hardbound, with bibliography.

The Dolphin in History, Papers delivered by Ashley Montagu and John C. Lilly at a symposium at the Clark Library, 13 October 1962. Pub. by William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, University of California, Los Angeles, 1963. 55 pages hardbound, refences and notes pages 53-54, black & white illustrations; The History of the Dolphin, by Ashley Montagu, pages 3-30; and Modern Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises, as Challenges to Our Intelligence, by John C. Lilly, pages 31-54.

"Animals in Aquatic Environment, Adaptation of Mammals to the Ocean", by John C. Lilly, pub. in Handbook of Physiology, Environment 1, American Physiological Society, Washington, D.C., 1964, pages 741-757.

"Productive and Creative Research with Man and Dolphin.", by John C. Lilly, (Fifth Annual Lasker Lecture, Michael Reese Hospital and Medical Center, Chicago, III., 1962), pub. in Archives of General Psychiatry, 1963, Vol. 8, pages 111-116.

"Trained Porpoise Released in Open Sea.", by Kenneth S. Norris, pub. in Science, 147 (3661), pages 1048-1050.

"World of the Bottle-nose Dolphin", by David K. Caldwell and Melba C. Caldwell, pub. in Sciences, 1966, Vol. 108, (See other, 1972).

The Ugly Dolphin, by David K. Caldwell and Melba C. Caldwell, St. Augustine, Florida, (no listing, no date).

The Mind of the Dolphin: A Nonhuman Intelligence, by John Cunningham Lilly, M.D. Adventures in a controversial new world of communications with a key to understanding alien intelligences. Copyright 1967 by John Cunningham Lilly; hardbound and also softbound edition as Discus Books, Published by Avon, Avon Books, A division of The Hearst Corporation, 959 Eighth Avenue, New York, New York 10019, 1st. printing March 1969, 286 pages softbound, general and selected bibliography on dolphins.

Field and Aquarium Study of the Blind River Dolphin, by Earl S. Herald, 1969.

"Using Porpoise to Catch Tuna", by William F. Perrin, pub. in World Fishing, 1969, Vol. 18, No. 16.

Observations on the Behavior of Platanista gangetica in the Indus and Brahmaputra Rivers, by G. Pilleri, 1970, [Ganges River Dolphin].

"Orientation Behavior of Delphinids: Radiotelemetric Studies.", by William Evans, pub. in Annals New York Academy of Sciences, 1971, Vol. 188, pages 142-160.

The World of the Bottlenose Dolphin, by David K. Caldwell and Melba C. Caldwell, p/b J.B. Lippincott, Philadelphia and New York, 1972.

The Porpoise Watcher, by Kenneth S. Norris, p/b W.W. Norton, 1974.

DOLPHINS, by Jacques-Yves Cousteau and Philippe Diole, Translated from the French by J.F. Bernard, pub. by Doubleday & Company, Inc., Garden City, New York, 1975. ISBN 0-385-00015-4, LC 74-9481; 304 pages hardbound, with index, bibliography, line drawings, maps, black & white, and color photographs.

Lilly on Dolphins, Humans of the Sea, by John Cunningham Lilly, M.D., pub. by Anchor Books, Anchor Press / Doubleday, Garden City, New York. ISBN 0-385-01037-5, LC 75-2854, Copyright 1975 by John Cunningham Lilly, 500 pages softbound, with index, two selected bibliographies and black & white photographs. "This is a revised edition of two books originally published in hardcover by Doubleday & Company, Inc.: Man and Dolphin, by John Cunningham Lilly, Copyright 1961 by John Cunningham Lilly, and The Mind of the Dolphin, by John Cunningham Lilly, Copyright 1967 by John Cunningham Lilly. Also included is the lecture in The Dolphin in History, by John Cunningham Lilly, William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, University of California, Los Angeles, and the articles: "Reprogramming of the Sonic Output of the Dolphin: Sonic Burst Count Matching" reprinted from Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 43, No. 6, 1412-24, June 1968, copyright 1968 by The Acoustical Society of America, reprinted by permission of the Society; and "Communication with Extraterrestial Intelligence" by John Cunningham Lilly, reprinted from IEEE Spectrum, Vol. 3, No. 3, March 1966, 153-63. Copyright (c) 1966, and reprinted by the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, Inc." (Only index to Man and Dolphin).

Lads Before the Wind: Adventures in Porpoise Training, by Karen Pryor, p/b Harper and Row, 1975.

Communication Between Man & Dolphin, The Possibilities of Talking with Other Species, by John C. Lilly, M.D. Copyright 1978 Human Software, Inc., pub. by Crown Publishers, Inc., One Park Avenue, New York, N.Y., 10016, ISBN 0-517-53036-8, LC 78-16362; 269 pages with index, black & white photographs, tables, and line figures; Chronological List of Discoveries about Dolphins on page xviii; List of Organizations Interested in the Whales, Dolphins and Porpoises, Friends of the Cetacea, pages 228-230; and List of Known Locations Where Tursiops Are Held in Captivity, pages 231-239.

"DOLPHINS.", by Bernd Wursig, pub. in Scientific American, March, 1979, Vol. 240, No. 3, pages 136-148.

"Day and Night of the Dolphin.", pub. in Natural History, March, 1979, Vol. 88, No. 3, pages 60-67.

Cetacean Behavior.- Mechanism and Functions, ed. by Louis M. Herman, p/b John Wiley and Sons, New York, N.Y., 1980.

THE BOOK OF WHALES, written and illustrated by Richard Ellis, published by Aldred A. Knoph, New York, N.Y., 1980, Copyright 1980 by Richard Ellis, ISBN 0-394-50966-8, LC 80-7640, (599.5), with 102 black- and-white illustrations and 24 pages in color, 202 pages hardbound, with 30 pages of references (bibliography), pages 161-191, and index.

DOPLPHINS AND PORPOISES, by Richard Ellis, published by Aldred A. Knoph, New York, N.Y., 1982, Copyright 1982 by Richard Ellis, ISBN 0- 394-51800-4, LC 82-47823, 270 pages hardbound, with references pages 215-257, and index.

"Auditory Thresholds of a Captive Eastern Pacific Bottlenosed Dolphin, Tursiops spp.", by Donald K. Ljungblad, Penelope Scoggins, and William G. Gilmartin, pub. in Acoustical Society of America Journal, 1982, 72 (6), pages 1726-1729.

"Behavioral Evidence for Hearing Through the Lower Jaw by an Echolocating Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus)." by Randall L. Brill, Martha L. Sevenich, Timothy J. Sullivan, Janet D. Sustman, and Ronald E. Witt, pub. in Marine Mammal Science, 1988, 4 (3), pages 223-230.

THE SEA WORLD BOOK OF DOLPHINS, by Randall R. Reeves and Stephen Leatherwood, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers, 1250 Sixth Avenue, San Diego, CA 92101; 111 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10003. Copyright 1987 by Randall R. Reeves and Stephen Leatherwood; ISBN 0-15-271957-1, LC 86-32004, softbound 111 pages, illustrated with photographs, Dophins and Porpoises Scientific Names, Chart of Dolphins and Porpoises, Suggestions for Further Reading, and Index.

Research on Dolphins, ed. by M.M. Bryden and Richard Harrison, p/b Oxford University Press, New York, N.Y., 1986.

"Ecology, Behavior and Social Organization of the Bottlenose Dolphin: A Review," by Susan H. Shane, Randall S. Wells, and Bernd Worsig, pub. in Marine Mammal Science, 1986, 2 (l), pages 34-63.

The Dolphin Doctor, by Sam Ridgway, p/b Fawcett Crest, New York, N.Y., 1987.

"The Social Structure of Free-ranging Bottlenose Dolphins.", by Randall S. Wells, Michael D. Scott, and A. Blair Irvine, pub. in In Current Mammalogy, ed, by H.H. Genoways, p/b Plenum Press, New York, N.Y., 1987, Vol. 1, pages 247- 305.

The Bottlenose Dolphin, by William R. Sanford and Carl Green, Copyright 1987; p/b Crestwood House, Highway 66 South, Box 3427, Mankato, Minnesota 56002-3427; ISBN 0-89686-329-8, LC 87-19420, 47 pages with index, map, and color photographs. JUVENILE.

BEHIND THE DOLPHIN SMILE, A Dramatic Case for Keeping Dolphins in Thier Natural Environment, by the Trainer of "Flipper", Richard O'Barry (b.1939), with Keith Coulbourn, pub. by Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill, Post Office Box 2225, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27515- 2225, 1989, a division of Workman Publishing Company, Inc., 708 Broadway, New York, New York 10003, hardcover 259 pages, no index, with black and white pictures, dedicated to 85 dolphins. ISBN 0- 912697-79-2, LC 87-30642. Copyright 1989, 1988 by Richard O'Barry and Keith Coulbou. Richard O'Barry, The Dolphin Project, Inc., Box 224, Coconut Grove, FL 33233.

The GREENPEACE Book of Dolphins, Edited by John May, Published in 1990 by Sterling Publishing Company, Inc., 387 Park Avenue South, New York, N.Y. 10016. Text copyright 1990 by Greenpeace Communications Ltd. ISBN 0-8069-7484-2 Trade, ISBN 0-8069-7485-0 Paper, LC 90-38836. UPC 780806-974859. 159 pages with index with black & white and color photographs and illustrations, Glossary, Small Cetacean Legislation, Classification of the Order of Cetacea, and Sources.

Bottlenose Dolphins: Comparison of Census Data From Dolphins in Captivity With a Wild Population, by Deborah A. Duffield and Randall S. Wells, pub. in IMATA Proceedings, 1990.

The Bottlenose Dolphin, edited by Stephen Leatherwood and Randall R. Reeves, p/b Academic Press, Inc., San Diego, Calif., 1990.

"The Role of Long-Term Study in Understanding the Social Structure of a Bottlenose Dolphin Community.", by Randall S. Wells, pub. in In Dolphin Societies: Discoveries and Puzzles, edited by K. Pryor and K.S. Norris, University of California Press, Berkeley, Calif., 1991, pages 199-225.

The Sonar of Dolphins, by Whitlow W. L. Au, p/b Springer-Verlag, New York, N.Y., 1993.

"Smarts. Notes on Dolphin Brain Power, Communication Skills, and Social Style." by Susan H. Shane, pub. in Sea Frontiers, 1991, 37 (2), pages 40-43.

"Feeding Ecology and Foraging Strategies of Bottlenose Dolphins on the Central East Coast of Florida.", by Nelio Barros, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Miami, Miami, Fla., 1993.

INTO THE DEEP, by Ken Grimwood, pub. by William Morrow and Company, Inc., 1350 Avenue of the Americas, New York, N.Y. 10019, 1995, hardcover 357 pages, no index, no illustrations, Acknowledgments. ISBN 0-688-08-08799-X, LC 94-1283 CIP; First Edition, Copyright 1995 by Ken Greenwood. FICTION.

FUSION, Man and Dolphin, A Documentary-Film, 90 mins., Isabelle Bondi, Director/Producer, E/Z Films, 137 No. Larchmont Blvd., #277, Los Angeles, CA 90004, 213-856-2980, Fax: 213-469-0806.

JOURNEY to the Center of Creation, Entering the World of Dolphins and the Dimentions of Dreamtime, by Ilona Selke, 165 pages, Copyright 1996 Ilona Selke & Don Paris.

From THE DOLPHIN ACTION & PROTECTION GROUP: Dolphins Should Be Free. "The hunting of dolphins is immoral, and that man can no more draw nigh to the gods as a welcome sacrificer nor touch their altars with clean hands, but pollutes those who share the same roof with him who willingly devises destruction for the dolphins. For equally with human slaughter the gods abhor the deathly doom of the monarchs of the deep." So wrote the Thracian Oppian about the year 200. At that same time the then new teaching of the Christians was spreading through the Mediterranean countries; and among the early Christian churches the dolphin was held up as a symbol of swiftness, diligence and love. Most probably the Christians took over the ideas and attitudes towards dolphins from the Greeks whose experiences had taught them that the dolphin was intelligent and offered his friendship to man for no discernible advantage, besides helping many people in danger of drowning. Since those times we have passed through successive dark ages. We have done, and do things to our own fellow creatures which future more enlightened generations doubtless will find hard to believe. Now some 1,800 years after the elevated earlier Greek attitude and philosophic teachings, the wheel maybe has turned full circle.


The Whalewatcher; a quarterly journal with short articles on cetacean research and conservation, published by the American Cetacean Society, Post Office Box 2639, San Pedro, California 90731.

A Review of Archeoceti, by Remington Kellogg, p/b Carnegie Institution, Washington, D.C., 1936.

Field Book of Giant Fishes, Whales, and Dolphins, by John R. Norman and F.C. Frasier, p/b Putnam, London, Eng., 1937.

On the Brain of a Sperm Whale (Physeter catadon, L.), by Tokuzo Kojima, Sci. Rep Whales Research Inst., 1951, No. 6, pages 49-73.

"Whales Entangled in Deep Sea Cables.", by Bruce C. Hezeen, p/b Pergamon Press, London, Eng., in Deep Sea Research, 1957, Vol. 4, pages 105-115.

Whales, by Everhard J. Slijper, London, Eng., 1962.

Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises, by F.C. Fraser, London, Eng., 1966.

Catalog of Living Whales, by P. Hershkovitz, Washington, D.C., 1966.

Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises, by Kenneth S. Norris, Berkeley and Los Angeles, Calif., 1966.

Home Is the Sea for Whales, by Sarah R. Riedman and Elton T. Gustafson, New York, N.Y., 1966.

The Natural History of the Whale, by L. Harrison Matthews, published by Columbia University Press, New York, N.Y., Copyright 1978 by L. (Leonard) Harrison Matthews, ISBN 0-231-04588-3, LC 78-2328, (599.5), 219 pages softbound, black and white illustrations and photographs, references (bibliography) pages 201-211, Cetacea taxonomy pages 198- 200, with index.

Recent Mammals of the World, by D.W. Rice and V.B. Scheffer, New York, N.Y., 1967.

A List of Marine Mammals of the World, by D.W. Rice and V.B. Scheffer, Washington, D.C., 1968.

"Conditioning Marine Mammals to Work in the Sea", by Irving Blair, pub. in M.T.S. Journal, June 1970, Vol. 4, No. 3.

"Homeostasis in the Aquatic Environment.", by Sam H. Ridgway, pub. in Mammals of the Sea: Biology and Medicine, ed. by S.H. Ridgway, p/b Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, Illinois, 1972, pages 590-747.

Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises of the Western North Atlantic: A Guide to Their Identification, by Stephen Leatherwood, David K. Caldwell, and Howard E. Winn, p/b the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries, in NOAA Technical Report, NMFS Circular 396, 1976.

Whales and Dolphins, by Everhard J. Slijper, University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, Mich., 1976.

THE WHALE MANUAL, By Friends of the Earth, 124 Spear Street, San Francisco, California 94105, (1978), taxonomy based on "A List of the Marine Mammals of the World", by Dale W. Rice and Victor B. Scheffer (1968), US Fish & Wildlife Service Special Scientific Report - Fisheries No. 579, ISBN 0-913890-17-0, LC 78-68043, (639.9), 155 pages softcover, with list of whale conservation groups.

Behavior of Marine Animals: Current Perspectives in Research, ed. by Howard E. Winn and Bori L. Oila, Vol. 3 - Cetaceans, p/b Plenum Press, New York, N.Y., 1979.

Cetacean Behavior: Mechanisms and Functions, ed. by Louis M. Herman, p/b John Wiley & Sons, New York, N.Y., 1980.

Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises of the Eastern North Pacific and Adjacent Arctic Waters: A Guide to Their Identification, by Stephen Leatherwood, Randall R. Reeves, William F. Perrin, and William E. Evans, p/b the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries, in NOAA Technical Report, NMFS Circular 444, 1982; and Dover Publications, 1988.

Sea Guide to Whales of the World, by Lyall Watson, p/b E.P. Dutton, New York, N.Y., 1981.

The Ecology of Whales and Dolphins, by D.E. Gaskin, p/b Heinemann, London, Eng., and Exeter, New Hampshire, 1982.

Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises of the Eastern North Pacific and Adjacent Arctic Waters, A Guide to Their Identification, by Stephen Leatherwood, Randall R. Reeves, William F. Perrin, and William E. Evans, published by Dover Publications, Inc., New York, N.Y., Copyright 1988 by Dover Publications, Inc., 31 East 2nd. Street, New York, NY 11501, LC 88-16159, (559.5), ISBN 0-486- 25651-0 (pbk.), pages 1-5.

The Sierra Club Handbook of WHALES AND DOLPHINS, by Stephen Leatherwood and Randall R. Reeves, Paintings by Larry Foste, published by Sierra Club Books, San Francisco, California; Copyright 1983 by Stephen Leatherwood, Randall R. Reeves, and Larry Foster; ISBN 0-87156- 341-X, LC 83-388, hardcover 302 pages with index and selected bibliography.

A Field Guide to the Whales, Porpoises and Seals of the Gulf of Maine and Eastern Canada: Cape Cod to Newfoundland, by Steven K. Katona, Valerie Rough, and David T. Richardson, p/b Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, N.Y., 1983.

WHALES, DOLPHINS, AND POPOISES, by Ronald M. Lockley, published by W.W. Norton & Co., Inc. New York, N.Y., Appendix, pages 192-194.

Whales and Dolphins of New Zealand and Australia: An Identification Guide; p/b Victoria Press, Wellington, N.Z., 1983.

"Can Odontocetes Debilitate Prey with Sound?", by Kenneth S. Norris and Bertel Mohl, pub. in American Naturalist, 1983, Vol. 122, pages 85- 104.

"The Physiological Ecology of Whales and Porpoises.", by John W. Kanwisher and Sam H. Ridgway, p/b Scientific American, June, 1983, Vol. 248, No. 6, pages 110-120.

All the World's Animals, SEA MAMMALS, edited by David MacIionald with 29 contributors, published by Torstar Books, inc., 300 East 42nd. Street, New York, ny 10017, Copyright 1984 Equinox (Oxford) Ltd., Mayfield house, 256 Banbury Road, Oxford, OX2 7DH, England; ISBN 0- 920269-75-3, LC 85-979, (599.5), 158 pages with index and bibliography; Whales and Dolphins, pages 10-85.

THE WORLD'S WHALES, The Complete Illustrated Guide, by Stanley M. Minasian, Kenneth C. Balcomb, III, and Larry Foster, published by Smithsonian Books, Washington, DC, distributed by W.W. Norton & Company, New York, NY, Copyright 1984 by Smithsonian Institution, ISBN 0-89599-004-8, LC 84-14142, hardcover 223 pages, with index.

Marine Mammals of Eastern North Pacific and Artic Waters, by Delphine Haley, p/b Pacific Search Press, 2nd. ed., 1986.

Handbook of Marine Mammals, ed. by Sam H. Ridgway and Richard Harrison, Vols. 4 and 5, p/b Academic Press, London, Eng., after 1987.

Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises, ed. by Richard Harrison and M.M. Bryden, p/b Facts On File Publications, New York, N.Y., 1988.

GIANTS OF THE SEA, Whales, Dolphins, and Their Habits, by Gaetano Cafiero and Maddalena Jahooda, published by Thomasson Grant, One Morton Drive, Charlottesville, Virginia, 22903-6806; World Copyright 1993 by Edizioni White Star, Via Candido, Sassone 22/24, Vencelli, Italy, ISBN 1-56566-046-3, LC 93-28091, (599.5), 144 pages hardbound, color illustrations and photographs, no index.

The Lives of Whales and Dolphins, by Richard C. Connor and Dawn Micklethwaite Peterson, p/b Henry Holt and Company, 115 West 18th. Street, New York, New York 10011. Copyright 1994 by Gallagher/Howard Associates, Inc., and the American Museum of Natural History, ISBN 0- 8050-1950-2, LC 93-46665; 1st. ed. 1994, 233 pages with index, line drawings, maps, and color photographs.

Dolphins, Porpoises, and Whales of the World, ed. by Margaret Klinowska, pub. in The IUCN Red Data Book, IUCN/World Conservation Union, Cambridge, Egg., 1991.

The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Fishes, Whales, and Dolphins, p/b Alfred A. Knopf, New York, N.Y.

MOBY DICK or The Whale, by Herman Melville. "The first edition of Moby Dick was issued in October, 1851. The London edition, entitled The whale, was published by Bentley in three volumes; in New York it was issued in one volume by Harper. Chapter 54, the only part to be serialized, appeared the same month in Harper's New Monthly Magazine as 'The Town-Ho's Story.' Moby Dick was reprinted in 1863 and 1892 in New York, and in 1901 in London. A collected edition of Melville's works, in sixteen volumes, was issued by Constable, London, in 1922- 24. In 1930, Moby Dick was published in three volumes by The Lakeside Press, Chicago, with illustrations by Rockwell Kent. The edition, with Clifton Fadiman's introduction and Boardman Robinson's illustrations, was first issued by The Limited Editions Club, New York (copyright 1943, (c) 1971)." A Collector's Edition was published, by reservation, for subscribers to the Easton Press collection of The 100 Greatest Books Ever Written. Copyright 1977 by The Easton Press, 47 Richards Avenue, Norwalk, Connecticut 06857, 800-211-1308; 615 pages leather-bound, (Fadiman and Robinson version).

Quote from Bartlett's Familiar Quotations: "Seamen have a custom, when they meet a whale, to fling him out an empty tub by way of amusement, to divert him from laying violent hands upon the ship." "Preface, in Sebastian Munster's 'Cosmography' there is a cut of a ship to which the whale was coming too close for her safety, and of the sailors throwing a tub to the whale, evidently to play with. This practice is also mentioned in an old prose translation of the 'Ship of Fools'. Sir James Mackintosh: Appendix to the Life of Sir Thomas More."From: Familiar Quotations, A Collection of Passages, Phrases, and Proverbs Traced to Their Sources in Ancient and Modern Literature, by John Bartlett, published by Little, Brown, and Company, Boston, Masaachusetts, [1875] 1924, Copyright 1919 by Anna Sprague DeWolf and Louisa Bartlett Donaldson [1875].


Kingdom: Animalia, all animals Phylum: Chordata, having a notochord (pre-spinal cord) Class: Mammalia, having hair and nursing young Order: Cetacea, aquatic mammals

Suborder: Mysteceti, Baleen whales

Family: Balaenidae, Right whales Family: Balaenopteridae, Rorquals and Humpback Family: Eschrichtiidae, Gray whales

Suborder: Odontoceti, Toothed whales

Family: Platanistidae, River dolphins Family: Delphinidae, Dolphins and porpoises Family: Monodontidae, One pair toothed whales Family: Physeteridae, Blowing whales Family: Ziphiidae, Beaked whales (or bottlenosed whales)

Suborder: Archaeoceti, (ancient-whales) or Zeuglodonta, extinct ancient whales, zeuglodonts (means: yoke-loop? toothed), mammals with teeth of different kinds, like incisors (front cutting teeth), canines (middle conical pointed teeth, eyeteeth), and molars (back grinding teeth).


Common Name: Bottlenose Dolphin; Genus & species: Tursiops truncatus (Montagu, 1821),(means: like-the- dolphin-face cut-off).

Common Names: Bottlenose Dolphin, Bottlenosed Dolphin, Bottle-nosed Dolphin, Bottlenosed Porpoise, and Gray Porpoise.

MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT of 1972, Selected Quotes:


Welcome to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, a bureau within the Department of the Interior. Our mission is to conserve, protect, and enhance fish and wildlife and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people. Our major responsibilities are: migratory birds, endangered species, certain marine mammals, freshwater and anadromous fish, the National Wildlife Refuge System, wetlands, conserving habitat, and environmental contaminants.

The National Fish and Wildlife Forensics Laboratory,

Marine Mammal Protection Act

Passed in 1972, the Act establishes a moratorium on taking and importing marine mammals, their parts, and products. The Act provides protection for polar bears, sea otters, walruses, dugongs, manatees, whales, porpoises, seals, and sea lions.

Under this Act it is unlawful to:

Take any marine mammal on the high seas or in waters or on lands under U.S. jurisdiction. The prohibition applies to persons, vessels, or other conveyances.

Import any marine mammal or marine mammal product into the United States.

Use any port or harbor under U.S. jurisdiction for any purpose connected with unlawful taking or importation of any marine mammal.

Possess any unlawfully taken marine mammal, including parts and products.

Transport, purchase, sell, or offer to purchase or sell any marine mammal, including parts and products.


Alaskan Aleuts, Indians, and Eskimos who reside in Alaska are permitted to take marine mammals for subsistence purposes or for use in the manufacture and sale of native hand crafts. The Secretaries of Interior and Commerce may grant permits for importation of marine mammals for scientific research or public display purposes.

Export is not prohibited, but for species listed under CITES (e.g., walrus), a "Certificate of Origin" is required prior to export of handcrafted parts, scientific specimens, or animals collected for public display.


Violations of the Marine Mammal Protection Act may result in fines of up to $100,000 and one year's imprisonment for individuals and up to $200,000 for organizations. In addition, aircraft, vessels, or other conveyances used in violations may be required to forfeit their cargo.


Marine Mammal Protection Act

Purpose and Organization

The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) was enacted in 1972 to protect and manage marine mammals and their products (e.g., the use of hides and meat). The primary authority for implementing the act belongs to the FWS and NMFS. The FWS manages: walruses; polar bears; sea otters; dugongs; marine otters; and West Indian, Amazonian, and West African manatees. The NMFS manages whales, porpoises, seals, and sea lions. The two agencies may issue permits under MMPA Section 104 (16 U.S.C. 1374) to persons, including federal agencies such as DOE, that authorize the taking or importing of specific species of marine mammals.

After the Secretary of the Interior or the Secretary of Commerce approves a state's program, the state can take over responsibility for managing one or more marine mammals. Regulations governing the transfer of responsibility were published in May 1983. Although certain states actively participate in the management of marine mammals, as of August 9, 1994, no state has fully taken on this duty.

The MMPA established a Marine Mammal Commission whose duties include reviewing laws and international conventions relating to marine mammals, studying the condition of these mammals, and recommending steps to federal officials (e.g., listing a species as endangered) that should be taken to protect marine mammals. Federal agencies are directed by MMPA Section 205 (16 U.S.C. 1405) to cooperate with the commission by permitting it to use their facilities or services.

DOE may become involved in complying with the MMPA if the department approves, licenses, or funds an energy project that will be sited in an area that will require or result in the removal, capture, hunting, or killing of marine mammals. DOE will need a permit from the appropriate agency, either the FWS or NMFS, specifying how the mammals should be handled. Also, any involvement by DOE in the direct research use of marine mammals (e.g., studies of energy development impacts on these animals) may require a permit.

Regulations implementing MMPA are found in Title 50 of the CFR, Parts 13, 18, and 216.

compiled by C.R.Lilly, 1/6/97

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