In Loving Memory of John Cunningham Lilly, M.D.
January 6, 1915-September 30, 2001
Dr. John C. Lilly died on September 30th, 2001, in Los Angeles, of heart failure. Dr. Lilly was best known for his work with dolphins and interspecies communication, his development of the isolation tank, and his research into altered states of consciousness. The main characters in two popular films, The Day of the Dolphin and Altered States, were based on Dr. Lilly.
Born January 6, l915, in Saint Paul, Minnesota to Rachel and Richard Lilly, Lilly was educated at St. Paul Academy, California Institute of Technology, Dartmouth College Medical School, and the University of Pennsylvania Medical School. During WWII, he conducted high altitude research at the Johnson Foundation for Medical Physics. After the war, he trained as a psychoanalyst.
While a Commander in the U.S. Public Health Service, Lilly worked at the National Institutes of Health, where he developed the isolation tank, which came to be known as the "Lilly tank". In l959, he established the Communication Research Institute in the U.S. Virgin Islands to study the vocalizations of Bottlenose dolphins. The work later continued in San Francisco under the aegis of the JANUS Project. He also established the Human Dolphin Foundation, and worked with Samadhi Tank company to help popularize the isolation tank experience.
From the late sixties until he retired to Hawaii in l992, Dr. Lilly worked from his home lab in Malibu, California. He traveled extensively, teaching and lecturing at academic institutions, international conferences, and growth centers like Esalen, where he was a long-standing artist in residence.
Dr. Lilly published over one hundred and twenty-five scientific papers, relating to his work in various fields, including Respiratory Physiology, Neurophysics, Neurophysiology, Psychiatry, interspecies communication, and the nature of consciousness and the self. He also published nineteen popular books, including the influential Man and Dolphin, 1961; The Dolphin in History (with Ashley Montagu), 1963; The Mind of the Dolphin, 1967; Programming and Metaprogramming in the Human Biocomputer: Theory and Experiments, 1972, 1987; The Center of the Cyclone, 1972, 1987; The Dyadic Cyclone (with Toni Lilly), 1976; Lilly on Dolphins, Humans of the Sea, 1975, a revised edition of two previously published books, Man and Dolphin, The Mind of the Dolphin, and The Dolphin in History, a lecture; Simulations of God: The Science of Belief, 1974; The Deep Selp: Isolation Tank Relaxation, 1976; The Scientist, a Novel Autobiography, 1978, 2nd. ed. 1988; Communication Between Man and Dolphin: The Possibilty of Talking with Other Species, 1978, 1988; In the Province of the Mind (with Francis Jeffrey); John Lilly So Far, by Francis Jeffrey (with John C. Lilly, M.D., Ph.D.) 1990; and Tanks for the Memories, Floatation Tank Talks, by Dr. John C. Lilly and E.J. Gold, 1995.
An unparalleled scientific visionary and explorer, Dr. Lilly has made significant contributions to psychology, brain research, computer theory, medicine, ethics, and interspecies communication. His concepts, inventions, publications, and articulated explorations have dramatically enhanced the quality of contemporary global culture. His work with dolphins and whales created a global awareness that lead to the enactment of the Marine Mammal Protection Act in 1972. Today, Dr. Lilly is considered the father of dolphin researchers.
In the 1940s, Dr. Lilly invented new types of capacitance manometers to aid in researches of human metabolism, and invented gas concentration and flow meters to study respiration, gas mixing, and pressure and altitude. In the '40s and '50s, Dr. Lilly was on the cutting edge of Neuroscience. He was the first to map the brain of chimpanzees, in the process inventing the "Lilly Wave": an electrical pulse that could be used to stimulate the chimp's brain without any damage. He also developed the twenty-five channel EEG moving relief maps of the electrical activity in the brain and dynamic iconic displays for researching pulse shapes and electrodes. His brain mapping with acoustic, motor, and travelling waves predated today's state of the art by fifty years. His research in electronic brain stimulation, dreams, schizophrenia, and the neurophysiology of motivation - involving the identification of punishment and reward systems -- were published in a number of psychiatric journals.
In conducting his brain research, Dr. Lilly developed an interest in large brain systems. This led him to work with dolphin communication. In the process he invented various spectral analyzers and hydro-phones, and pioneered the use of minicomputers with real time programming and original software.
While working at the National Institutes of Health on isolation, solitude and confinement, he invented the floatation tank, a tool to maximally isolate sensory stimulation to "better understand what the mind does without exterior influence. NASA and other important organization have used his research into sensory isolation. After ten years of tank research, and while still in the employ of NIMH, he was given the responsibility to experiment with LSD in the tank. The results of that study were reported and published by that institute in his classic treatise, Programming and Metaprogramming in the Human Biocomputer. Like all his research, this was eventually made available to the public. Dr. Lilly considered this documentation his most original work. This is where he first published his famous statement, "In the province of the mind, what one believes to be true is true or becomes true, within certain limits to be found experientially and experimentally. These limits are further beliefs to be transcended. In the mind, there are no limits"
Dr. Lilly's last physician remarked with awe that John Lilly is the only person he knows of whose least accomplishment was becoming a Medical Doctor.
He has sown the seeds of several future scientific revolutions. Dr. Lilly leaves us with the possibility of a theory of internal realities. He developed the hardware/software model of the human brain/mind decades before the computer became a popular metaphor for the human brain. He worked towards a recognition of possibilities for solid state intelligence and planetary consciousness. He explored and theorized about the potential importance of Einstein, Podalski, Rosen, (PDR) and Bell's Theorem in quantum computers and teleportation. He initiated worldwide efforts at interspecies communications with large-brained dolphins, advocating United Nations protection and representation for the "Cetacean Nation."
Devoted to a philosophical quest for the nature of reality and mind, Dr. Lilly pursued a brilliant academic career among the scientific leaders of the day. He has lived in the company of associates and intimates including Nobel physicists Richard Feynman and Robert Milliken, philosophers Buckminster Fuller, Aldous Huxley, and Alan Watts, psychotherapy pioneers R.D. Laing, Fritz Perls, and Oscar Janiger, eclectic spiritual and psychological interpreters Oscar Ichazo, Baba Ram Dass, Timothy Leary, Robert Anton Wilson, and a host of luminaries, inventors, political figures, writers, and Hollywood celebrities.
One of the twentieth century's foremost scientific pioneers John Lilly has been a relentless adventurer whose persona as "student of the unexpected" has resulted in astonishing insights into what it means to be a human being in an ever more mysterious universe.
He is survived by his first wife, Mary Lilly; brother David Lilly; son John Jr.; daughter Cynthia Cantwell; and adopted children, Pamela Christine; Nina Carnesi; Lisa Lyon Lilly; Barbara Clarke-Lilly; and Philip H. Bailey.
John C. Lilly Memorial Celebration took place Friday, October 5, at Will Geer's Theatricum Botanicum, 1419 North Topanga Canyon Blvd., Topanga, CA 90290 2:30pm - 6pm. Memorial in Amphitheater by reception followed in the surrounding garden.
In lieu of flowers please make your tax-deductible donation to the Association for Cultural Evolution, POB 2382, Mill Valley, CA 94942. This organization was established in 1990 as a not-for-profit Educational 501 c3 - for the purpose of archiving, preserving and making available primary source material of timeless cultural importance by Founding member of the Board of Directors, John C. Lilly, M.D, along with four other notable directors.
Samadhi Tank Company samadhitank.com
John C. Lilly inspired media resource: sound.photosynthesis.com
Interview w/David Jay Brown
About floatation tanks
FOUNDING MEMBERS of the BOARD of DIRECTORS and our MISSION STATEMENT
For more information about ACE or to make a tax deductable donation to our [501 (c)3] contact us. Information:
Copyright © 2007 Association for Cultural Evolution Contact us:
P.O. Box 2382 Mill Valley, Ca 94942
Briefs of Dr. John C. Lilly, M.D.
Note: Be sure to scroll down past titles in the PDF
Borsook, Henry, J. Dubnoff and John C. Lilly. 1941 "The Formation
of Glycocyamine in Man and Its Urinary Excretion." 7. Biol.
Lilly, John C. 1942. "The Electrical Capacitance Diaphragm
Manometer." Rev. Sci. Instrum. 13:34-37
Lilly, John C., and Thomas F. Anderson. 1943. "A Nitrogen
Meter for Measuring the Nitrogen Fraction in Respiratory Cases."
Nat'l. Research Council, CMR-CAM Report #299 PB 95882 Library
of Congress. Photoduplication Service, Publication Board Project,
Washington 25, DC.
Lilly, John C. 1944. "Peak Inspiratory Velocities During
Evercise at Sea Level" in Handbook of Respiratory Data in
Aviation. Nat'l. Research Council, Wash., DC.
Lilly, John C. and Thomas F. Anderson. 1944. "Preliminary
Studies on Respiratory Gas Mixing with Nitrogen as a Tracer Gas."
Am.7. Med. Sci. 208 :136
Lilly, John C., John R. Pappenheimer and Glenn A. Millikan. 1945.
"Respiratory Flow Rates and the Design of Oxygen Equipment
" Am.J. Med. Sci. 210:810
Lilly; John C. 1946. "Studies on the Mixing of Gases Within
the Respiratory System with a New Type Nitrogen Meter."
(Abstract) Fed. Proc. 5:64
Lilly, John C., Victor Legallais and Ruth Cherry. 1947. "A
Variable Capacitor for Measurements of Pressure and Mechanical
Displacements: A Theoretical Analysis and Its Experimental Evaluation."
J. Appl. Phys. 18 :613-628
Lilly, John C. 1950. "Flow Meter for Recording Respiratory
Flow of Human Subjects" in Methods in Medical Research. Vol.
2:113-122. J. H. Comroe, Jr., Ed. Year Book Publishers, Inc.,
Lilly, John C. 1950. "Physical Methods of Respiratory Gas
Analysis" in Methods of Medical Research. Vol. 2:131-138.
J. H. Comroe, Jr., Ed. Year Book Publishers, Inc., Chicago
Lilly, John C. 1950. "A 25-Channel Recorder for Mapping the
Electrical Potential Gradients of the Cerebral Cortex: Electro-Iconograms."
Electrical Engineering. A.I.E.E., Annual Index to Electrical Engineering
Lilly, John C 1950. "Respiratory System: Methods: Gas Analysis."
in Medical Physics. Vol. 2:845-855. O. Glasser, Ed. Year Book
Publishers, Inc., Chicago
Lilly, John C. 1950. "Mixing of Gases Within Respiratory
System with a New Type of Nitrogen Meter." Am. J. Physiol.
Lilly, John C. 1950. "A Method of Recording the Moving Electrical
Potential Gradients in the Brain. The 25-Channel Bavatron
and Electro-Iconograms." (A.I.E.E.-IRE Conf. on Electronic
Instrumentation in Nucleonics and Medicine). Am. Inst. of Electr.
Eng., New York. S-33:37-3
Lilly, John C. 1950. "Moving Relief Maps of the Electrical
Activity of Small (1 cm2) Areas of the Pial Surface of the Cerebral
Cortex." EEG. Clin. Neurophysiol. 2:358
Chambers, William W., George M. Austin, and John C. Lilly. 1950.
"Positive Pulse Stimulation of Anterior Sigmoid and Precentral
Gyri; Electri Current Threshold Dependence on Anesthesia, Pulse
Duration and Repetition Frequency." (Abstract). Fed. Proc.
Lilly, John C. and William W. Chambers. 1950. "Electro-lconograms
from the Cerebral Cortex (cats) at the Pial Surface: 'Spontaneous'
activity and Responses to Endorgan Stimuli Under Anesthesia."
(Abstract). Fed. Proc. 9:78
Lilly, John C. 1950. "Moving Relief Maps of the Electrical
Activity of Small (1 cm2) Areas of the Pial Surface of the Cerebral
Cortex. Anesthetized Cats and Unanesthetized Monkeys" (Abstract).
Proc. 18th Int'l. Physiol. Congress, Copenhagen. P. 340-351
Lilly, John C. 1951. "Equipotential Maps of the Posterior
Ectosylvian Area and Acoustic I and II of the Cat During Responses
and Spontaneous Activity" (Abstract). Fed. Proc. 10:84
Lilly, John C. and Ruth Cherry. 1951. "An Analysis of Some
Responding and Spontaneous Forms Found in the Electrical Activity
of the Cortex." Am J. Med. Sci. 222:116-117
Lilly, John C., and Ruth Cherry. 1951. "Traveling Waves of
Action and of Recovery During Responses and Spontaneous Activity
in the Cerebral Cortex." Am. J. Physiol. 167:806
Lilly, John C. 1952. "Forms and Figures in the Electrical
Activity Seen in the Surface of the Cerebral Cortex" in The
Biology of Mental Health and Disease (1950 Milbank Mem. Fund Symposium).
Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., New York. P. 205-219
Lilly, John C., George M. Austin, and William W. Chambers. 1952.
"Threshold Movements Produced by Excitation of Cerebral
Cortex and Efferent Fibers with some Parametric Regions of Rectangular
Current Pulses: (Cats and Monkeys)." J. Neurophysiol 15:319-341
Lilly, John C. and Ruth Cherry. 1952. "New Criteria for the
Division of the Acoustic Cortex into Functional Areas"
(Abstract). Fed. Proc. 11:94
Lilly, John C., and Ruth Cherry. 1952. "Criteria for the
Parcelation of the Cortical Surface into Functional Areas"
(Abstract). EEG. Ctin. Neurophysiol. 4:385
Lilly, John C. 1953. "Significance of Motor Maps of the Sensorimotor
Cortex in the Conscious Monkey." (Abstract). Fed. Proc.
Lilly, John C. 1953. "Discussion of Paper by Lawrence S.
Kubie; Some Implications for Psychoanalysis of Modern Concepts
of the Organization of the Brain." Psychoanalytic Q. 22:21-68
Lilly, John C. 1953. Review of book by W. Ross Ashby: Design for
a Brain. John Wiley and Sons, Inc, New York. Rev. of Sci. Instrum.
Lilly, John C. 1953. "Functional Criteria for the Parcelation
of the Cerebral Cortex." Abstracts of Communications, XIX
Int'l. Physiol. Cong., Montreal, Canada. P. 564
Lilly, John C. 1953. Recent Developments in EEG Techniques:
Discussion. (Third Int'l. EEG Cong. 1953. Symposia). EEG Clin.
Neurophysiol. Suppl. 4:38-40
Lilly, John C. 19541. Critical Discussion of Research Project
and Results at Conference in June 1952 by Robert G. Heath and
Research Group at Tulane Univ. in Robert G. Heath, et al. "Studies
in Schizophrenia: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Mind-Brain Relationships."
Lilly, John C. 1954. "Instantaneous Relations Between the
Activities of Closely Spaced Zones on the Cerebral Cortex:
Electrical Figures During Responses and Spontaneous Activity."
Am. J. Physiol. 176:493-504
Lilly, John C., and Ruth Cherry. 1954. "Surface Movements
of Click Responses from Acoustic Cerebral Cortex of Cat: Leading
and Trailing Edges of a Response Figure." J. Neurophysiol.
Lilly, John C. 1954. Discussion, Symposium on Depth Electrical
Recordings in Human Patients. Am. EEG Soc. Neurophysiol. 6:703-704
Lilly, John C., and Ruth Cherry. 1955. "Surface Movements
of Figures in Spontaneous Activity of Anesthetized Cerebral
Cortex: Leading and Trailing Edges. J. Neurophysiol. 18:18-32
Lilly, John C., John R. Hughes, and Ellsworth C. Alvord, Jr.,
and Thelma W. Galkin. 1955. Brief. "Noninjurious Electric
Waveform for Stimulation of the Brain." Science 121:468-469
Lilly, John C., John R. Hughes, and Ellsworth C. Alvord, Jr.,
and Thelma W. Galkin. 1955. "Motor Responses from Electrical
Stimulation of Sensorimotor Cortex in Unanesthetized Monkey with
a Brief, Noninjurious Waveform" (Abstract). Fed. Proc. 14:93
Lilly, John C. 1955. "An Anxiety Dream of an 8-Year-Old Boy
and Its Resolution." Bull Phila. Assn. for Psychoanal.
Lilly, John C. 1955. Review of book by Robert G. Heath, et al.
1954. Studies in Schizophrenia: A Multidisciplinary Approach
to Mind-Brain Relationships. Harvard Univ. Press. EEG Clin. Neurophysiol.
Lilly, John C., John R. Hughes, Thelma W. Galkin and Ellsworth
C. Alvord, Jr. 1955. "Production and Avoidance of Injury
to Brain Tissue by Electrical Current at Threshold Values."
EEG Clin. Neurophysiol. 7:458
Lilly, John C. 1956. "Effects of Physical Restraint and of
Reduction of Ordinary Levels of Physical Stimuli on Intact
Healthy Persons." 13-20 & 44, in Illustrative Strategies
for Research on Psychopathology in Mental Health, Symposium No.
2. Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry. New York. P. 47
Lilly, John C., John R. Hughes, and Thelma W. Galkin. 1956.
"Gradients of Motor Function in the Whole Cerebral Cortex
of the Unanesthetized Monkey" (Abstract). Fed. Proc. 15
Lilly, John C., John R. Hughes, and Thelma W. Galkin. 1956.
"Physiological Properties of Cerebral Cortical Motor Systems
of Unanesthetized Monkey" (Abstract). Fed. Proc. I5
Lilly, John C. 1956. "Mental Effects of Reduction of Ordinary
Levels of Physical Stimuli on Intact. Healthy Persons" in
Psychiat. Res. Reports 5. American Psychiatric Assn., Wash., DC.
Lilly, John C., John R. Hughes, and Thelma W. Galkin. 1956. "Some
Evidence of Gradients of Motor Function in the Whole Cerebral
Cortex of the Unanesthetized Monkey" (Abstract). Proc. 20th
Int'l. Physiol. Congress. P. 567-568
Lilly, John C. 1956. "Distribution of 'Motor' Functions in
the Cerebral Cortex in the Conscious, Intact Monkey."
Science. 124 :937
Lilly, John C. 1957. "Some Thoughts on Brain-Mind and on
Restraint and Isolation of Mentally Healthy Subjects. (Comments
on Biological Roots of Psychiatry by Clemens F. Benda, M.D.)"
J. Phila. Psychiatric Hosp. 2:16-20
Lilly, John C. 1957. "True Primary Emotional State of Anxiety-Terror-Panic
in Contrast to a 'Sham' Emotion or 'Pseudo-Affective' State Evoked
by Stimulation of the Hypothalamus" (Abstract). Fed. Proc.
Lilly, John C. 1957. "Learning Elicited by Electrical Stimulation
of Subcortical Regions in the Unanesthetized Monkey."
Lilly, John C. 1957. Review of book by Donald A. Scholl. 1956.
The Organization of the Cerebral Cortex. Methuen and Co., Ltd.,
London and John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. Science. 125:1205
Lilly, John C. 1957. "A State Resembling 'Fear-Terror-Panic'
Evoked by Stimulation of a Zone in the Hypothalamus of the Unanesthetized
Monkey." Excerpta Medica. Special Issue, Abstracts of Fourth
Int'l. Cong. EEG and Clin. Neurophysiol. and 8th Meeting of the
Int'l. League Against Epilepsy. Brussels. P. 161
Lilly, John C. 1957. "'Stop' and 'Start' Systems" in
Neuropharmacology. Transactions of the Fourth Conference,
Josiah Macy, Jr., Foundation, Princeton, N.J. (L.C. 55-9013).
Lilly, John C. 1958. "Learning Motivated by Subcortical Stimulation:
The 'Start' and 'Stop' Patterns of Behavior." 705-721. Reticular
Formation of the Brain. H. H. Jasper, et al. Eds. Little, Brown
and Co., Boston. P. 766
Lilly, John C. 1958. "Correlations Between Neurophysiological
Activity in the Cortex and Short-Term Behavior in the Monkey,"
in Biological and Biochemical Bases of Behavior (Univ of Wis.
Symposium. 1055) H. F. Harlow and C. N. Woolsey, Ed. Univ. of
Wis. Press, Madison, Wis. P. 83-100
Lilly, John C. 1958. "Development of a Double-Table-Chair
Method of Restraining Monkeys for Physiological and Psychological
Research." J. Appl. Physiol. 12:134-136
Lilly, John C. 1958. "Simple Percutaneous Method for Implantation
of Electrodes and/or Cannulae in the Brain." (Abstract.)
Fed. Proc. 17:97
Lilly, John C. 1958. "Electrode and Carmulae Implantation
in the Brain by a Simple Percutaneous Method." Science.
Lilly, John C. 1958. "Some Considerations Regarding Basic
Mechanisms of Positive and Negative Types of Motivations."
Am. J. Psychiat. 115 498-504
Lilly, John C. 1958. "Rewarding and Punishing Systems in
the Brain" in The Central Nervous System and Behavior. Transactions
of the First Conference, Josiah Macy, Jr., Foundation, Princeton,
N.J. (L.C. 59-5052.) P. 247-303
Lilly, John C. 1959. "'Stop' and 'Start' Effects in The Central
Nervous System and Behavior." Transactions of the Second
Conference, Josiah Macy, Jr., Foundation and National Science
Foundation, Princeton, N.J. (L.C. 59-5052.) P. 56-112
Lilly, John C. 1960. "Learning Motivated by Subcortical Stimulation:
The 'Start' and The 'Stop' Patterns of Behavior. Injury and Excitation
of the Brain by Electrical Currents." Chapter 4 in Electrical
Studies on the Unanesthetized Brain. E. R. Ramsey and D. S. O'Doherty,
Eds, Paul B. Hoeber, Inc., New York. P. 78-105
Lilly, John C. 1960. Contributing Discussant-The Central Nervous
System and Behavior. Transactions of the Third Conference Josiah
Macy, Jr., Foundation, Princeton, N.J. (L.C. 59-5052.)
Lilly, John C. 1960. "The Psychophysiological Basis for Two
Kinds of Instincts." J. Am. Psychoanalyt. Assoc. Vol.
8: P. 659-670
Lilly, John C. 1960. "Large Brains and Communication."
Paper Presented to the Philadelphia Assoc. for Psychoanalysis.
Lilly, John C. 1961. "Injury and Excitation by Electric Currents."
Chapter 6 in Electrical Stimulation of the Brain. Daniel E. Sheer,
Ed., Univ. of Texas Press for Hogg Foundation for Mental Health,
Austin, Texas. P. 60-64
Lilly, John C. and Jay T. Shurley. 1961. "Experiments in
Solitude in Maximum Achievable Physical Isolation with Water
Suspension of Intact Healthy Persons." (Symposium, USAF Aerospace
Medical Center, San Antonio, Texas, 1960.) in Psychophysiological
Aspects of Space Flight. Columbia Univ. Press, New York. P. 238-247
Lilly, John C., and Alice M. Miller. 1961. "Sounds Emitted
by the Bottlenose Dolphin." Science. Vol. 133, P. 1689-1693
Lilly, John C., and Alice M. Miller. 1961. "Vocal Exchanges
Between Dolphins." Science. Vol. 134: P. 1873-1876
Lilly, John C. 1961. "Problems of Physiological Research
on the Dolphin, Tursiops" (Abstract). Fed. Proc. 20:1
Lilly, John C. 1961. "The Biological Versus Psychoanalytic
Dichotomy." Bul. of The Phila Assoc. for Psychoanal.
Vol. 11: P. 116-119
Lilly, John C. 1962. The Effect of Sensory Deprivation on Consciousness.
Man's Dependence on the Earthly Atmosphere, Karl E. Schaefer,
Ed. MacMillan Co., New York. (L.C. 61-9079.) P. 93-95. (Proceedings
1st Int'l Symp. on Submarine and Space Medicine, New London, Conn.,
Lilly, John C., and Alice M. Miller. 1962. "Operant Conditioning
of the Bottlenose Dolphin with Electrical Stimulation of the Brain."
J. Comp. & Physiol. Psychol. Vol. 55 P. 73-79
Lilly, John C. 1962. Cerebral Dominance in Interhemispheric Relations
and Cerebal Dominance. Vernon Mountcastle, M.D., Ed. Johns Hopkins
Press, Inc. Baltimore, Md. P. 112-114
Lilly, John C., and Alice M. Miller. 1962. Production of Humanoid
Sounds by the Bottlenose Dolphin. (Unpublished manuscript.)
Lilly, John C. 1962. A New Laboratory for Research on Delphinids.
Assoc. of Southeastern Biologists Bul. Vol. 9, P. 3-4
Lilly, John C. 1962. "Interspecies Communication" in
Yearbook of Science and Technology. McGraw-Hill. New York.
Lilly, John C. 1962. "The 'Talking' Dolphins" in The
Book of Knowledge Annual. Society of Canada Limited, Grolier,
Inc. (This article was updated in the 1969 Yearbook covering the
year 1968, pp. 8-15.)
Lilly, John C. 1962. "Vocal Behavior of the Bottlenose Dolphin."
Proc. Am. Philos. Soc. Vol. 106. P. 520-529
Lilly, John C. 1962. "Consideration of the Relation of Brain
Size to Capability for Language Activity as Illustrated by Homo
sapiens and Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenose Dolphin)." Electroenceph.
Clin. Neurophysiol. 14, no. 3:424
Lilly, John C. 1962. Sensory World Within and Man and Dolphin.
(Lecture to the Laity, New York Acad. of Med., 1962.) Scientific
Report no. CRI-0162
Lilly, John C. 1963. "Critical Brain Size and Language."
Perspectives in Biol. & Med. Vol. 6. P. 246-255
Lilly, John C. 1963. "Distress Call of the Bottlenose Dolphin:
Stimuli and Evoked Behavioral Responses." Science. Vol. 139.
Lilly, John C. 1963. "Productive and Creative Research with
Man and Dolphin." (Fifth Annual Lasker Lecture, Michael
Reese Hospital and Medical Center, Chicago, III., 1962). Arch.
Gen. Psychiatry. Vol. 8. P. 111-116
Lilly, John C., and Ashley Montagu. 1963. Modern Whales, Dolphins
and Porpoises, as Challenges to Our Intelligence in The Dolphin
in History by Ashley Montagu and John C. Lilly. A Symposium given
at the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, Univ. of Calif.,
Los Angeles, Calif. P. 31-54
Lilly, John C. 1964. "Animals in Aquatic Environment. Adaptation
of Mammals to the Ocean" in Handbook of Physiology. Environment
1, Am. Physiol. Soc., Wash., D.C. P. 741-757
Jacobs, Myron S., Peter J. Morgane, John C. Lilly and Bruce Campbell.
1964. "Analysis of Cranial Nerves in the Dolphin."
Anatomical Record Vol. 148. P. 379
Lilly, John C. 1964. "Airborne Sonic Emissions of Tursiops
truncatus (M)" (Abstract) J. AcousticaI Soc. of Amer. Vol.
36. P. 5, 1007
Lilly, John C. 1965. "Report on Experiments with the Bottlenose
Dolphin." (Abstract) Proc. of the Int'l. Symp on Comparative
Medicine, Eaton Laboratories, Norwich, Conn. P. 240
Lilly, John C. 1965. "Vocal Mimicry in Tursiops. Ability
to Match Numbers and Duration of Human Vocal Bursts."
Science Vol. 147 (3655). P. 300-301
Lilly, John C. 1966. "Sexual Behavior of the Bottlenose Dolphin
in Brain and Behavior. The Brain and Gonadal Function." Vol.
III. R. A. Gorski and R. E. Whalens, Eds., LICLA Forum Med. Sci.,
Univ. of Calif. Press, Los Angeles, Calif. P. 72-76
Lilly, John C. 1966. "Sonic-Ultrasonic Emissions of the Bottlenose
Dolphin in Whales, Dolphins and Porpoises." Kenneth S. Norris,
Ed. Proc., 1st Int'l Symp. on Cetacean Research, Wash., DC. 1963.
Univ. of Calif. Press. P. 503-509
Lilly, John C. 1966. "The Need for an Adequate Model of the
Human End of the Interspecies Communication Program."
IEEE Military Electronics Conference (MIL-E-CON 9), on Communication
with Extraterrestrial Intelligence, Wash., DC. 1965. IEEE Spectrum
3, no. 3: P. 159-160
Lilly, John C. 1966. Contributing Discussant. Proc. of Conf. on
Behavioral Studies. Contractors Meeting, U.S. Army Edgewood Arsenal,
Md.1965. Dept. of the Army EARL Report
Lilly, John C. 1966. "Research with the Bottlenose Dolphin"
in Conference on the Behavioral Sciences, Proc. of Conf. on Behavioral
Studies (Contractors Meeting, U.S. Army Edgewood Arsenal, Md.
1965). Dept. of the Army EARL Report
Lilly, John C., and Henry M. Truby. 1966. "Measures of Human-Tursiops
Sonic Interactions" (Abstract). J. Acous. Soc. of Amer. Vol.
40, issue 5. P. 1241
Lilly, John C. 1966. "Sound Production in Tursiops truncatus
(Bottlenose Dolphin)." Conference on Sound Production in
Man: Section on Phonation: Control and Speech Communication, New
York Acad. of Sciences. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.
Lilly, John C. 1965. "Intracerebral Reward and Punishment:
Implications for Psychopharmacology." Fifth Annual Meeting
of American College of Neuropsychopharmacology. San Juan, Puerto
Lilly, John C. 1967. Dolphin-Human Relationship and LSD-25 in
The Use of LSD in Psychotherapy and Alcoholism. Harold Abramson,
Ed. Second International Conference on the Use of LSD in Psychotherapy,
South Oaks Research Foundation, Amityville, L.I. 1965. The Bobbs-Merrill
Co., Inc., New York. P 47-52
Lilly, John C. 1967. Dolphin's Mimicry as a Unique Ability and
a Step Towards Understanding in Research in Verbal Behavior
and Some Neurophysiological Implications. Kurt Salzinger and Suzanne
Salzinger, Eds. Conference on Verbal Behavior, N.Y.C. 1965. Academic
Press, New York City. P. 21-27
Lilly, John C. 1967. Dolphin Vocalization in Proc. Conf. on Brain
Mechanisms Underlying Speech and Language. F. L. Darley, Ed.
A Symposium held at Princeton, N.J. 1965. Grune and Stratton,
New York City. P. 13-20
Lilly, John C. 1967. Basic Problems in Education for Responsibility
Caused by LSD-25. Proc. of 17th Conf. on Science, Philosophy
and Religion in their Relation to the Democratic Way of Life.
Clarence H. Fause, Ed. Paper presented in section on Character
Education of Scientists, Engineers and Practitioners in Medicine
Psychiatry and Science with Strategies for Change. Loyola Univ.,
Chicago, Ill. 1966
Lilly, John C. 1967. "Intracephalic Sound Production in Tursiops
truncatus: Bilateral Sources" (Abstract). Fed. Proc.
25, no. 2.
Lilly, John C., Alice M. Miller, and Henry M. Truby. 1968. Reprogramming
of the Sonic Output of the Dolphin: Sonic-Burst Count Matching.
Miami. Communications Research Institute. Scientific Report no.
CRI 0267. J. Acous. Soc. of Amer. (See number 112.)
Lilly, John C., Alice M. Miller, and Henry M. Truby. 1968. "Perception
of Repeated Speech: Evocation and Programming of Alternate Words
and Sentences." Scientific Report no. CRI 1067
Lilly, John C., Alice M. Miller, and Frank Grissman. 1968. "Underwater
Sound Production of the Dolphin Stereo-Voicing and Double Voicing."
Miami. Communications Research Institute Scientific Report no.
Truby, Henry M., and John C. Lilly. 1967. "Psychoacoustic
Implications of Interspecies Communication." Miami. Communications
Research Institute. J. Acous. Soc. of Amer. Vol. 42: P. 1181.
Lilly, John C., Henry M. Truby, Alice M. Miller, and Frank Grissman
1967. "Acoustic Implications of Interspecies Communication."
Miami. Communications Research Institute. J. Acous. Soc. of Amer.
Vol. 42: P. 1164. I10 (Abstract.)
Lilly, John C., Alice M. Miller, and Henry M. Truby. 1968. "Reprogramming
of the Sonic Output of the Dolphin: Sonic Burst Count Matching."
Jnl. of the Acoustical Society of America. Vol. 43. No. 6. P.
Lilly, John C. Off Center and Return. (In preparation.)